Advanced Burn Life Support

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Advanced Burn Life Support (ABLS) programs provide knowledge for immediate care of the burn patient up to the first 24 hours post injury. ABLS programs support emergency preparedness, mass casualty incidents focusing on triage, burn survivability, prioritizing transport of patients and patient treatment.

Each year more than 700,000 people in the United States are treated for a burn injury. The quality of care during the first hours after a burn injury has a major impact on the long-term outcome. Yet most initial burn care is provided outside of the burn center environment.

ABLS is an eight-hour course for physicians, nurses, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, therapists, and paramedics. This live, hands-on is designed to provide the "how-to" of emergency care of the burn patient through the first 24 hour critical time period. Following a series of lectures, case studies are presented for group discussions. An opportunity to work with a simulated burn patient to reinforce the assessment, stabilization, and the American Burn Association transfer criteria to a Burn Center will be provided. Testing consists of a written exam and a practical assessment.

ABLS is designed to provide the ability to assess and stabilize patients with serious burns during the first critical hours following injury and to identify those patients requiring transfer to a burn center. The course is not designed to teach comprehensive burn care, but rather to provide information that will enable those who only rarely treat burn patients to provide the care needed by a burn patient in the first 24 hours after injury.

Objectives

  • Evaluate a patient with a serious burn
  • Define the magnitude and severity of the injury
  • Identify and establish priorities of treatment
  • Manage the airway and support ventilation
  • Initiate and monitor fluid resuscitation
  • Apply correct methods of physiological monitoring
  • Determine which patients should be transferred to a burn center
  • Organize and conduct the inter-hospital transfer of a seriously injured burn patient

​Advanced Burn Life Support (ABLS) programs provide knowledge for immediate care of the burn patient up to the first 24 hours post injury. ABLS programs support emergency preparedness, mass casualty incidents focusing on triage, burn survivability, prioritizing transport of patients and patient treatment.