Surgical Services & Hernia Center offers a full complement of vascular services, each enhanced by the latest diagnostic and therapeutic technologies available today. With their advanced-fellowship training and multidisciplinary approach to care, this group of surgeons is uniquely equipped to tackle challenging diseases, acute and chronic alike.
Aortic Aneurysm Management and Repair
The aorta, the largest artery in the human body, circulates oxygen-rich blood throughout the body and back to the heart. Aortic aneurysms are caused when a weak section of the aortic wall swells. This swelling may cause discomfort but the biggest concern is the risk of rupture. Ruptured aneurysms can cause severe pain, internal bleeding and depending on their size, can be life-threatening. A number of different types of aneurysms occur throughout the body. Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are the most common.
Aortic aneurysms are most prevalent in men older than 65, people with high blood pressure and smokers. A family history of aneurysms and other cardiovascular diseases can also increase your risk.
Our team is skilled in the most advanced therapeutic measures to quickly diagnose and treat aneurysms, many of which involve stents and small incisions which help reduce post-operative pain, scarring and blood loss, and decrease the risk of infection.
Carotid Artery Disease
Carotid artery disease, also known as carotid artery stenosis, occurs when the arteries in your neck narrow or become blocked. These arteries extend from the aorta to the brain and supply essential, oxygenated blood to the brain. This narrowing, or "hardening", of the arteries occurs over time with the buildup of fatty substances and cholesterol. Narrowing decreases the blood flow to the brain, increasing the risk of stroke.
Risk factors for carotid artery disease increase dramatically with age. While only one percent of adults age 50 to 59 show signs of the disease, 10 percent of adults age 80 to 89 have the disease. Other risk factors include:
- Hypertension or high blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Family history
Treatments range from preventive measures such as smoking cessation and dietary counseling to surgical options including stenting procedures that can significantly reduce plaque buildup and lower the risk of stroke.
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) or Claudication
The peripheral arteries are the ones found farthest from the heart and are located in the hands, feet, legs, mouth and other extremities. Like with carotid artery disease, blockages can also form in these arteries. Blockages that limit blood flow to the extremities cause claudication or peripheral arterial disease (PAD) which can cause a painful, tired or weak feeling that occurs most often in the legs, pelvis and feet.
The painful symptoms present themselves most commonly while exercising and subside shortly after. Symptoms occur because the muscles are not receiving the oxygenated blood they need to support physical activity.
Peripheral arterial disease is degenerative and will worsen over time. While you may first notice the symptoms during exercise, as the disease progresses, symptoms may become more severe and set-on with less physical activity and sometimes, even while at rest. You may notice increased numbness in the feet and pain or tingling in the feet and toes. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms above or leg pain, please contact your doctor. These blockages put you at greater risk of heart attack, stroke and in severe cases, amputation.
For more information on any of the conditions above or other questions regarding your vascular health, please contact us.